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Future of Unorganised Poor Working/Labour Classes in India

Political leaders (of particularly the political party in rule) of the Indian democracy may claim that India has progressed enough and it is approaching from developing to developed country.  It is their unrealistic hope and publicity.  They claim it depending on urban beautification and modernization. The overall of development of the country is basically urban centric with IT sectors, high rise buildings, shopping malls and so forth. It has been mapped according to the prospects of Urbanite life style, consumerism and market economy. They are happy with this Urbanite development and acculturate society. But political leaders in rule never by-pass the reality that the majority of the population living in rural areas is typically in a difficult situation as usual.

Lion part of the rural population is unorganized poor working or labour classes. They have to survive with less than minimal facilities of life. They are, of course, habituated with this, and they are more dependent on their fortune and omnipresent God. They rarely have faith in the government and democracy. Democracy has been imposed adversely on their minds. To them, democracy means some political leaders who are authoritarians and wealth makers use to battle politically for their better wealthy and healthy life, even for more than one generation. All the comforts of life are for the political leaders in any hierarchy of the political system. The poor working or labour classes have to live in hard times always. It is the true fact in Indian democracy.

The COVID-19 pandemic has been disastrously affected the life and survival of unorganized poor working/labour classes. They are now in a harder time than any time before. Their pattern of job is always need-based and low paying with highly insecure. They have lost their jobs. They have no savings to manage. They have no cash at all. Only government doles which is insufficient and poor in quality is not enough for long runs. Even during this time, they are not getting private loan with high interest from the moneylenders in their locality. In fact, all of them are passing days with uncertain future. All of them (i.e. domestic workers, agricultural workers, and so forth) are locked in their own jobless area.

Transportation system (railways, bus and any other local mode of transports) has been paralyzed so that they are unable to commute with job area where they usually work, especially the urban area which is the prime source of their different mode of jobs. Secondly, job areas where they use to work are locked because their employers are not ready to accept them, or they are in uncertain adverse condition for which they are trying to control their expenses. Due to lack of easy transportation, farmers are not getting the proper price of their products. The traders, specifically middle men are taking advantage of this situation. Government is indifferent and there is no policy to regulate the price of agricultural products.

Farming communities or agriculture labours have no alternative, and they are helpless because of their poor and insecure economic condition. Is it a democratic government for poor producers’ community? The economy of the country is under control of middlemen and brokers everywhere. Therefore, the price hike of agriculture products is common and the farmers are always deprived of. They are always exploited, and they never get proper price of their hard labour.This situation is impacted badly on the life of the poor working classes. Many of them are searching for any alternative to earn something. But it is not supportive to them due to lack available opportunities.

It has been reported that the rural economy is in distress. About 3.5 million people had been applied for new job cards under MGNEGRA since April to May 2020. The government granted 1.5 million job cards. Unfortunately, half of them have been received in a mere 50 days of the current financial year. It reveals that the future of the poor working/labour classes are in distress. It is a situation of hand-to-mouth.Last of all, they have right to vote. But they have no right to survive with basic amenities. Will the government look the matter sidelining the crude politics? This jobless and economically tight situation would surely destroy the social discipline and mental condition of this section. They may involve in gambling, intoxication and other obnoxious area. It would obviously break the family harmony and domestic violence would increase. The overall social and cultural situation would go beyond control. It would be impacted on the lives of so-called socially and economically better class people.

The views and opinions expressed by the writer are personal and do not necessarily reflect the official position of VOM.
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Written by Harasankar

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