In Indian democracy, intolerance has become a vital political trick and strategic asset. It is a fact that India’s multi-parties democracy is much loaded with politics for power and authority. Thus, “the victim of democracy is the politics itself.” People as voters have been strongly getting priority to the leaders of the political parties. Every political party bats to make all voters of its supporters. Leaders of all parties are the strategic followers to ruin their counterparts. Ruling party of any government of India’s federal system uses to use exclusively and inclusively its power and authority for political gain. Ruling party uses to administer different schemes purposively. It selects beneficiaries of different schemes conditionally to bag captive votes. Therefore, the political dynamics, characters, and role-relationships of the political leaders are as provocation.
The role of democracy has been derided. Generally democracy ‘stands for the common man and his welfare.’ But it has gone to ruin in India. Is “survival of democracy in India” in peril? “The fact is that Indian democracy is not just in crisis, but there is a deep diminishing of hope at this juncture….” That’s why, Vladimir Lenin was doubtful about implication of democracy. He opined, “democracy is the form of governance in which many evil elements like pettifoggers, necromancers, scoundrels, anti-social and anti-national elements endowed with the despicable traits like conceit, deceit, corruption, fraud and threat ruled the roost and indulge in all sorts of atrocities like loot, rape and murder further accentuated by looting the government exchequer to become millionaires at the cost of the very people who voted them to power.”
According to the democratic theory, ‘political parties are voluntary organizations that are supposed to promote democracy. Whereas the judiciary, the legislature and the judiciary promote horizontal accountability, vertical accountability is promoted by the political parties, which link the people and government. Parties organize campaigns, recruit candidates and mobilize the political community to participate in the selection of office bearers. The goal of party activism is to build institutions and shape public politics, policies and laws that impact the rights and welfare of the political community.’
In multi-party politics like India,‘ the party that is elected to form government seeks to enact into law a number of policies and programs (oftentimes consistent with their election manifesto). Opposition parties are free to criticize the ruling party’s policies, ideas and programs and offer alternatives.
‘The opposition is central to any democracy. ‘It means that all sides in the political debate – however deep their differences – share the fundamental democratic values of freedom of speech, the rule of law and equal protection under the law; parties that lose elections become the opposition. The opposition, then, is essentially a “government-in the-waiting.” For a culture of democracy to take hold, opposition parties need to have the confidence that the political system will guarantee their right to organize, speak, dissent and/or criticize the party in power. Opposition parties also need to be assured that in due course, they will have a chance to campaign and re-seek the peoples mandate in and through regular, free and fair elections. But in India, ruling party(ies) is/are trying to cease the existence of the opposition and its target is to make opposition zero. That means the ruling government does not prefer the important pillar of democracy (opposition). It is a cultural orientation of the political anarchism to the political monarchism.
So, how the democracy would function, if opposition might be zero? Who would monitor the functions of the government, and who would be rectified these functions? What would be the fate of common electorates in this type of democracy? Therefore, the democracy would be renamed as ‘Zero Democracy’. Indian Democracy would turn into a political monarchism. It is in cyclical in nature because today’s opponents was done the same or would repeat the same when it was/ would be in power.
The views and opinions expressed by the writer are personal and do not necessarily reflect the official position of VOM.
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