“There is more fruit in a rich man’s shampoo than on a poor man’s plate.” This is a hard hitting reality. Every year, around 9 million people die of hunger.
For a normal person to be hungry, just means missing out on a day’s meal but for people who have not had proper nutritious food in months, being hungry has whole another level of helplessness. It is like a nightmare which they tackle every day. These people have their own stories to tell, which can bring chills down the spine of anyone.
Undernutrition can be defined as lack of proper nutrition caused by not having enough food or not eating enough food containing substances necessary for growth and health. Having food 3 times a day not only means filling your stomach but it also means that one should consume proper nutritious food.
The 2020 Global Nutrition Report by UNICEF, throws light on the global burden of malnutrition. The report also focuses on nutrition equity across the globe.
People in countries like Africa, West Asia, and Latin America are still suffering from hunger and are undernourished. Worldwide there are 820 million people hungry or undernourished. Around 113 million people across 53 countries experience acute hunger, as a result of conflict and food insecurity, climate shocks, and economic shift.
People belonging to the marginalized sections are the big-time sufferer. Human capital and potential have always played an essential role in describing nutrition justice and inequalities. People with money always have the potential for obtaining a better education and employment opportunities and have the access to social networks, all of which in turn affect everyday circumstances and environments. A poor person may have less money to access food, health services, or education.
Even today there are many people in the society who don’t have enough resources for a proper meal, which as a result has increased hunger and lack of hygiene.
There are many forms of malnutrition that affect poor people, women, children, ethnic minorities, and those less educated. There is a lack of proper nutrition caused by not having enough to eat. These people are generally categorized as under privileged. The people who fall under this category, have poor diet and don’t consume enough nutrients which causes several diseases.
Poor diet is one of the main causes of high mortality and morbidity worldwide.
Three major pillars that causes lack of fairness is-
- Injustice: Each society witnesses’ discrimination against an individual, social norms, and cultural values leading them to be treated as an unequal. As a result, they lack in catching opportunities for building their future.
- Unfairness: The term unfairness means social injustice where opportunities are deliberately taken from the under privileged people. For e.g., a lower caste woman may find herself further discriminated by health workers or there will be inadequate health facilities because the services are neither designed for their needs nor available in their communities.
- Political exclusion and imbalances in power: People belonging to the marginalized section always lack when it comes to educational or economic opportunities. Education plays a vital role as it frames policies and programmes that address the underlying causes of nutrition injustice.
Due to these factors, hunger and malnutrition is growing with a rapid speed across the globe.