She walks through the streets with her head bowed covered from head to toe, scarf pinned tight in the sweltering heat, people say she is oppressed, what do these ignorant people know, this is “Kohinoor” which is an example of modesty, a cover of true beauty.
Is empowerment and dominance intertwined? . Is men dominant over women?
We hear from many women that MUHAMMAD (P BUH) has empowered men instead of women, is it true, or it is unawareness, what is it you have to decide, but only by reading the words of MOHAMMAD (PBUH). Woman has to cover herself from head to toe, is this suppression / violation of her right or something else. Are men superior and women inferior? What they are having a look at.
The Messenger of Allah had said “Whosoever brings up two daughters, he and I will arrive alongside in the Day of Judgment. Reference to the role of men and women together with their rights and empowerment are detailed in the Qur’an and in the teachings of Prophet Mohammad (Pb uh).
Allah subhanallah watallah and The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said that women have a birthright in their father’s property. And shares in her husband’s property after marriage. There is mentioned a clear line of equality on this sphere.
Allah says in the Quran that, you are their garments, and they are yours, men and women are each other’s garments. By this verse it is clear that neither men are superior nor women are inferior. Prophet Mohammad says educate your children, he never says educate your male child only. Mohammad says When a baby girl is born, she brings blessings to her parents. Messenger of Allah abolished the inhumane custom that was practiced before the Prophet’s Era. In other religions divorce was unknown, a woman was suppressed to stay in, whatsoever situation would be, but the Prophet introduce” KHULA” (khula under Muslim law means a form of divorce initiated by wife). In India to nullify the marital status an act of 1955 was introduced, before that period women were oppressed to continue a married life. Under Muslim law, marriage can be dissolved or annulled by women(which was introduced by our beloved prophet Muhammad 1440 years ago).
A woman has a birthright from her father’s property and a share from her husband’s property after marriage. women have right of maintenance from her husband, if her husband Deny’s she can sue her husband under Muslim law in a court of law. It is obligatory for a father/husband to maintain his household activities, not for women. So, it is easy to analyze that whether a man is dominant, or it is something else. As I questioned above, are men dominant or not?
As a student of law and public administration I want to give my viewpoint here which I have studied, dominance and authority are two different forms, and here it is authority not dominance. Authority is directly proportional to responsibility, more responsibility possesses more authority, father or husband has more responsibilities towards his mother or wife, but we can’t relate authority as dominance.
Thus, men are responsible and whosoever is responsible for anything, if he refuses, we can bring him before the court of law(under Shari’ah) for an order of recompense, and the law related to this was given by our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Muslim law’s primary source is Devine law that was revealed on our beloved prophet Muhammad pbuh and secondary source is directly our Prophet Muhammad pbuh. The other sources like ijma and qiyas are like summaries of Hadith.
A woman is free to choose her partner full right has been given to them to be a part of any contract. Once a woman came to Muhammad pbuh and said that i don’t want to live further with my husband because he is not a good looking ,i feel ashamed for having such husband. Massenger of Allah once said that amongst all “halaal” permissible things divorce is most hatered by Allah don’t do this Muhammad says to that very woman but woman still wants separation ,then prophet Muhammad grants them a divorce. So ,by this said circumstance we can easily examine how much rights were given to women by prophet Muhammad pbuh. A Woman has given a great status in society. Allah and his beloved prophet gave women different rights in different forms. For instance , different status for daughter, different for sister, different for wife, different for mother. A woman enjoys different great status at different levels. Even for women separate surah was revealed to the prophet known as surah nisah.
Western culture makes misconception amongst women but a woman should analyse what actually Islam is , and a man should do that which are in our islamic jurisprudence . Because if a man do any inhumane activity ,or domestic violence , then islam will face criticism and it’s our responsibility to do only that ,which is in our jurisprudence.
In conclusion, I want to say that the world is full of falsehood; if you think for adjustment then you are losing your real identity. Be a reader, analyzer and true follower. And stay away from falsehood.
Author is Student of Law at department of law, University of Kashmir
The views and opinions expressed by the writer are personal and do not necessarily reflect the official position of VOM.
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